Brussels Griffon

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Welcome to the world of the Brussels Griffon! This petite and charming breed combines elegance and personality, making it a delightful choice for those seeking a small and affectionate canine companion. Originating from Brussels, Belgium, Brussels Griffons are known for their distinctive appearance and loving nature.


Affectionate, Alert, Energetic


7 - 12 inches


6 - 12 pounds

Life Expectancy

12 - 15 years

Brussels Griffon Breed Traits and Characteristics

Understanding the traits and characteristics of Brussels Griffons is essential when considering them as potential companions. Here’s a breakdown of crucial attributes that make these dogs unique:


  • Affectionate: Brussels Griffons are known for their loving and loyal nature, often forming strong bonds with their owners.
  • Alert: They have a watchful disposition, making them excellent watchdogs, alerting their owners to unusual activity.
  • Energetic: Despite their small size, they are often surprisingly vibrant and enjoy play and interaction.

Social Behavior:

  • Good with People: These dogs are typically friendly and enjoy the company of people, forming close attachments to their family members.
  • Compatibility with Other Pets: They can coexist well with other dogs and pets when properly introduced and socialized.
  • Playful Demeanor: Their playful nature makes them suitable for households with children and other animals.

Family Compatibility:

  • Excellent with Families: Brussels Griffons adapt well to family life and enjoy being part of daily activities.
  • Apartment-Friendly: Due to their small size, they are well-suited for apartment living and are easy to transport.

Coat Variations:

Brussels Griffons come in two coat varieties, the smooth-coated and the rough-coated. The smooth-coated variety has a sleek and short coat, while the rough-coated combination has a longer and wiry coat.

male and female brussels griffon dogs

Males vs. Females: What to Consider

When contemplating the adoption of a Brussels Griffon, a charming and affectionate toy breed, as your next canine companion, it’s essential to understand the differences between males and females within this breed. Brussels Griffons are known for their delightful personality and distinctive appearance. Here’s what to consider:


  • Size: Male Brussels Griffons are typically slightly more extensive, with an average height ranging from 7 to 12 inches at the shoulder and a weight of about 8 to 12 pounds.
  • Personality: These males are often characterized by confidence, playfulness, and strong bonding tendencies. They tend to be outgoing and active and may exhibit more assertive behaviors.
  • Energy Level: Male Brussels Griffons generally have moderate energy, requiring regular exercise and mental stimulation. They are known for their agility and love of play.


  • Size: Female Brussels Griffons are usually slightly smaller, with an average height ranging from 7 to 11 inches and a weight of about 6 to 10 pounds.
  • Personality: Unlike their male counterparts, female Brussels Griffons may exhibit a more balanced and affectionate temperament. They are loyal, playful, and may be more adaptable to family life.
  • Energy Level: Generally, female Brussels Griffons have a moderate energy level. They enjoy playtime and interaction while also appreciating quieter moments.

It’s important to note that individual personalities can vary significantly within each gender of the Brussels Griffon, influenced by factors like upbringing, socialization, and unique experiences. Brussels Griffons are known for their expressive faces, short noses, and distinctive coat varieties.

Whether you choose a male or female Brussels Griffon, you’ll bring home an affectionate and charming companion that fits your family’s dynamics, whether that means a confident and agile playmate or a more adaptable and loving family pet. 

brussels griffon dog breed picture

Care and Interaction for Your Brussels Griffon

  • Grooming: Maintaining Your Brussels Griffon’s Coat:

The grooming needs of Brussels Griffons depend on their coat type. Smooth-coated varieties require minimal grooming, while rough-coated varieties may need regular brushing.

  • Exercise: Energizing Your Brussels Griffon’s Playfulness:

Daily exercise and playtime are crucial to keep your Brussels Griffon happy and healthy. They may have bursts of energy and enjoy short walks.

  • Health: Safeguarding Your Brussels Griffon’s Well-Being:

Regular veterinary check-ups and dental care are essential for their health and longevity.

By following these guidelines, you’ll create an environment where your Brussels Griffon can thrive, showcasing their affectionate and energetic nature while maintaining their physical and emotional well-being.

Historical Background of the Brussels Griffon

The Brussels Griffon’s history can be traced back to Brussels, Belgium, where they initially breed as rat hunters and companions for Belgian coachmen.

These dogs are highly valued for their ability to control the rodent population. Over time, their delightful temperament and distinctive appearance made them popular companions for the elite and royal families.

Today, the Brussels Griffon remains a symbol of elegance and affection, carrying the legacy of its Belgian heritage. As a breed with a deep connection to its history and a longstanding partnership with humans, the Brussels Griffon serves as a reminder of the enduring bond between dogs and people across generations.


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