French Mastiff

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Welcome to the world of the French Mastiff, also known as the Dogue de Bordeaux. This ancient and imposing breed is celebrated for its strength, loyalty, and gentle nature. The French Mastiff is an excellent companion for those who appreciate an assertive yet affectionate furry friend.

The French Mastiff, or Dogue de Bordeaux, hails from the Bordeaux region of France and has a history that dates back centuries.


Loyal, Gentle, Courageous


23.5 – 27 inches


99 – 110 pounds

Life Expectancy

5-8 years

French Mastiff Breed Traits and Characteristics

Understanding the traits and characteristics of the French Mastiff is essential when considering them as your potential companion. Here’s a breakdown of crucial attributes that make these dogs unique:


  • Loyal: French Mastiffs are known for their unwavering loyalty to their families and are often called “gentle giants.”
  • Gentle: Despite their imposing size, they are typically soft and affectionate, especially with their human family members.
  • Courageous: They are fearless and protective, making them excellent guard dogs.

Social Behavior:

  • Affectionate with Family: French Mastiffs often form deep bonds with their families and enjoy being close to their loved ones.
  • Interaction with Other Dogs: Proper socialization is essential, as some French Mastiffs may be reserved around unfamiliar dogs. With early exposure, they can coexist peacefully with other pets.

Family Compatibility:

  • Good with Children: French Mastiffs are typically good with children and known for their patience and protective nature.
  • Family-focused: They thrive in family settings and enjoy being involved in daily activities and outings.

Coat Variations:

  • French Mastiffs have a short, dense coat ranging in color from fawn shades to mahogany. Their coats are low-maintenance and don’t shed excessively.

male and female french mastiff dogs breed

Males vs. Females: What to Consider

When considering the adoption of a French Mastiff, also known as the Dogue de Bordeaux, as your next canine companion, it’s crucial to understand the differences between males and females within this breed. French Mastiffs are known for their imposing appearance and gentle, loyal nature. Here’s what to consider:


  1. Size: Male French Mastiffs are generally more enormous, with an average height ranging from 23 to 27 inches at the shoulder and a weight of about 140 to 170 pounds.
  2. Personality: These males are often characterized by strength, courage, and protective instincts. They are generally confident and vigilant, making them excellent guard dogs and protectors of their families.
  3. Energy Level: Male French Mastiffs tend to have a moderate energy level and may require regular exercise to maintain their health. They are typically calm and enjoy strolls.


  1. Size: Female French Mastiffs are usually slightly smaller, with an average height ranging from 22 to 25 inches and about 120 to 140 pounds.
  2. Personality: Unlike their male counterparts, female French Mastiffs may be more nurturing and affectionate. They are loyal protective, and are known for their love and devotion to their family.
  3. Energy Level: Generally, female French Mastiffs have moderate energy and enjoy playtime and interaction. They are often content with a more relaxed lifestyle.

It’s important to note that individual personalities can vary significantly within each gender of the French Mastiff, influenced by factors like upbringing, socialization, and unique experiences. These dogs are known for their distinctive wrinkled faces and stocky builds.

french mastiff dog breed picture

Care and Interaction for Your French Mastiff

Taking care of your French Mastiff involves specific considerations to keep them healthy and happy:


  • French Mastiffs have moderate exercise needs. Regular walks, playtime, and mental stimulation are essential to keep them physically and mentally fit.


  • Consistent and positive reinforcement training is crucial to ensure their powerful physique is well-managed and their gentle nature is encouraged.


  • Regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and preventive care are essential for their well-being and longevity. Being proactive in their healthcare ensures they live a healthy and vibrant life.

Following these practices will create an environment where your French Mastiff can thrive, showcasing their loyalty and gentle nature while maintaining their physical and emotional well-being. Your dedication to their care will be met with unwavering companionship and the presence of a noble and protective breed.

Historical Background of the French Mastiff

The French Mastiff, or Dogue de Bordeaux, has a long and storied history in France. These dogs were initially bred for various tasks, including guarding, hunting, and working alongside butchers. They gained fame as protectors of French vineyards and even appeared in famous French films like “Turner & Hooch.”

French Mastiffs have also played a role in French culture and are celebrated as loyal and gentle family dogs. Their impressive presence and warm personality have made them beloved worldwide, and they continue to be cherished for their enduring loyalty and affection.


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