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Welcome to the world of the Saluki, a breed known for its elegance, grace, and historical significance. Often called the "Royal Dog of Egypt", Salukis are exceptional companions for those seeking a gentle and noble furry friend.

The Saluki's roots can be traced back to ancient times, with evidence of their existence dating back over 5,000 years. They are believed to have originated in the Fertile Crescent region and were highly regarded in ancient Egypt and throughout the Middle East.


Gentle, Independent, Elegant


23 – 28 inches


40 – 65 pounds

Life Expectancy

10-17 years

Saluki Breed Traits and Characteristics

Understanding the traits and characteristics of Salukis is essential when considering them as your potential companion. Here’s a breakdown of crucial attributes that make these dogs unique:


  • Gentle: Salukis are known for their soft and sensitive nature. They are often reserved but form deep bonds with their families.
  • Independent: They have an independent streak and may only sometimes be as eager to please as other breeds. However, their loyalty remains unquestionable.
  • Elegant: Salukis are renowned for their elegant and refined appearance, often compared to a sighthound.

Social Behavior:

  • Affectionate with Family: While they may appear aloof to strangers, Salukis are affectionate with their human family members.
  • Interaction with Other Dogs: They are generally good with other dogs, especially those of similar temperaments. Proper socialization is critical.

Family Compatibility:

  • Good with Children: Salukis are typically good with older children who understand and respect their gentle nature. There may be better choices for very young kids.
  • Family-focused: They form strong bonds with their families and enjoy being close to their loved ones.

Coat Characteristics:

  • Salukis have a short and smooth coat in various colors, including white, cream, fawn, red, grizzle, black and tan, and tricolor. They have feathers on their ears and tails. 

male and female saluki dogs breed

Males vs. Females: What to Consider

When contemplating the adoption of a Saluki, an elegant and ancient breed known for their speed and grace, as your next canine companion, it’s essential to understand the differences between males and females within this breed. Salukis are known for their gentle and reserved nature. Here’s what to consider:


  • Size: Male Salukis are typically slightly more extensive, with an average height ranging from 23 to 28 inches at the shoulder and a weight of about 45 to 70 pounds.
  • Personality: These males are often characterized by their confidence, independence, and strong hunting instincts. They tend to be reserved calm, and may exhibit more assertive behaviors.
  • Energy Level: Male Salukis generally have a moderate energy level, requiring regular exercise and the opportunity to stretch their legs. They are known for their sprinting abilities.


  • Size: Female Salukis are usually slightly smaller, with an average height ranging from 22 to 27 inches and about 35 to 60 pounds.
  • Personality: Unlike their male counterparts, female Salukis may exhibit a more balanced and affectionate temperament. They are loyal, gentle, and may be more adaptable to family life.
  • Energy Level: Generally, female Salukis have a moderate energy level. They enjoy playtime and interaction but also appreciate quieter moments.

It’s important to note that individual personalities can vary significantly within each gender of the Saluki, influenced by factors like upbringing, socialization, and unique experiences. Salukis are known for their slim, sleek bodies and history as hunting dogs in the Middle East.

Whether you choose a male or female Saluki, you’ll bring home an elegant and reserved companion that fits your family’s dynamics, whether that means a confident and graceful hunter or a more adaptable and affectionate family pet. 

saluki dog breed picture

Care and Interaction for Your Saluki

Taking care of your Saluki involves specific considerations to keep them healthy and happy:


  • Salukis are sighthounds and have a strong prey drive. They require regular exercise, including off-leash runs in a securely fenced area. They enjoy chasing and need a safe space to do so.


  • Training should be consistent, patient, and positive. Salukis may not be as eager to please as other breeds, so a gentle approach is essential.


  • Grooming needs are minimal due to their short coat. Regular brushing and occasional baths are sufficient to keep their skin clean and healthy.


  • Salukis are generally healthy, but like all dogs, they can be prone to specific health issues. Regular veterinary check-ups and a balanced diet are crucial for their well-being.

By following these practices, you’ll create an environment where your Saluki can thrive, showcasing their elegance and noble nature while maintaining their physical and emotional well-being. Your dedication to their care will be met with unwavering loyalty and the presence of a breed with an ancient and regal history.

Historical Background of the Saluki

The Saluki’s history steeped in ancient lore and tradition. They were revered in various Middle Eastern cultures, particularly in Egypt, where they were associated with nobility and often depicted in ancient art and hieroglyphics. These elegant dogs were used for hunting small game and hares and were known for their incredible speed and agility. The Saluki’s grace and beauty have made them not only historical treasures but also beloved companions for those who appreciate their noble lineage and gentle disposition.


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