West Highland White Terrier

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Welcome to the world of the West Highland White Terrier, an energetic and charming breed known for its distinctive white coat and lively personality. Westies, as they are affectionately known, make excellent companions for those seeking an optimistic and loyal furry friend.

West Highland White Terriers, or Westies, hail from Scotland and are part of the terrier group. They were initially bred for hunting small game, and their name comes from the western part of Scotland, where they were first developed. 


Energetic, Friendly, Alert


10 – 11 inches


15 – 20 pounds

Life Expectancy

13 - 15 years

West Highland White Terrier Breed Traits and Characteristics

Understanding the traits and characteristics of West Highland White Terriers is essential when considering them as your potential companion. Here’s a general breakdown of crucial attributes that make these dogs unique:


  • Energetic: Westies are known for their boundless energy and love for play, making them spirited companions.
  • Friendly: They are typically warm and social, getting along well with family members and visitors.
  • Alert: Their alertness and curiosity make them excellent watchdogs, always ready to warn of approaching visitors.

Social Behavior:

  • Friendly with Family: Westies are usually affectionate and enjoy being part of the family’s daily activities.
  • Interaction with Other Dogs: With proper socialization, they can get along well with other dogs and may even enjoy the company of canine companions.
  • Alertness: Their watchful nature makes them suitable for alerting their families to threats.

Family Compatibility:

  • Good with Children: Westies can be great with children, but proper socialization and supervision are recommended, especially with young kids.
  • Family-Oriented: Thriving in family environments, they contribute positively to the family dynamic.

Coat Variations:

West Highland White Terriers have a dense, double-layered white coat that requires regular grooming to prevent matting.

male and female westie dogs breed

Males vs. Females: What to Consider

When choosing a West Highland White Terrier, often called a Westie, as your next canine companion, it’s essential to understand the differences between males and females within this breed. Westies are known for their charming appearance and lively personalities. Here’s what to consider:


  1. Size: Male West Highland White Terriers are generally slightly more extensive, with an average height ranging from 10 to 11 inches at the shoulder and a weight of about 15 to 22 pounds.
  2. Personality: These males are often characterized by confidence, playfulness, and a strong desire for adventure. They tend to be outgoing and may exhibit more assertive behaviors.
  3. Energy Level: Male Westies typically have a moderate to high energy level, requiring regular exercise and mental stimulation. They enjoy activities like digging and exploring.


  1. Size: Female West Highland White Terriers are usually slightly smaller, with an average height ranging from 9 to 10 inches and weighing about 13 to 16 pounds.
  2. Personality: Unlike their male counterparts, female Westies may exhibit a more balanced and affectionate temperament. They are loyal, playful, and may be more adaptable to family life.
  3. Energy Level: Generally, female Westies have a moderate to high energy level. They enjoy playtime and interaction while also appreciating quieter moments.

It’s important to note that individual personalities can vary significantly within each gender of the West Highland White Terrier, influenced by factors like upbringing, socialization, and unique experiences. Westies are known for their white double coat, expressive dark eyes, and reputation as independent companions and charming family dogs.

Whether you choose a male or female West Highland White Terrier, you’ll bring home a lively and charming companion that fits your family’s dynamics, whether that means a confident and adventurous friend or a more adaptable and affectionate family pet. 

westie dog breed picture

Care and Interaction for Your West Highland White Terrier

Taking care of your West Highland White Terrier requires specific attention to their needs:

  • Grooming: Their white coat needs regular brushing and occasional baths to prevent matting. Many Westie owners opt for professional grooming to maintain their coat’s health.
  • Exercise: Westies are highly energetic and need daily exercise to keep them physically fit and mentally stimulated. Daily walks, playtime, and interactive games are essential.
  • Health: Regular vet check-ups, vaccinations, and dental care are necessary to ensure their health and longevity.

By providing the proper care, you’ll create an environment where your West Highland White Terrier can thrive, displaying their energetic and friendly nature while maintaining their physical and emotional well-being. Your commitment to their care will be met with loyalty and companionship.

Historical Background of the West Highland White Terrier

West Highland White Terriers were initially bred for hunting small game, particularly foxes, badgers, and rats. Their white coat was a deliberate selection to prevent accidental shooting during hunting. Over time, they transitioned from hunters to beloved family pets. Today, they are celebrated for their striking appearance and lively personality, reminding us of the enduring bond between dogs and humans.


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