luxury picnic company - Picnic Makers

Welcome to the world of the Xoloitzcuintli, a unique and ancient breed known for its hairless appearance and gentle nature. Xoloitzcuintlis often referred to as Xolos, make fascinating companions for those seeking a one-of-a-kind and affectionate furry friend.

The Xoloitzcuintli, pronounced "show-low-eets-queen-tlee," is one of the world's oldest and rarest dog breeds. Its history dates back over 3,000 years to ancient Mexico, where it was regarded as a sacred and revered breed by various indigenous cultures, including the Aztecs and the Maya.


Gentle, Affectionate, Alert


9 - 23 inches


5 - 55 pounds

Life Expectancy

12 - 15 years

Xoloitzcuintli Breed Traits and Characteristics

Understanding the traits and characteristics of Xoloitzcuintlis is essential when considering them as your potential companion. Here’s a general breakdown of crucial attributes that make these dogs unique:


  • Gentle: Xoloitzcuintlis are known for their soft and calm nature, making them excellent companions.
  • Affectionate: They form strong bonds with their families and are often very caring and loyal.
  • Alertness: Their alert nature makes them good watchdogs, even though they are generally quiet dogs.

Social Behavior:

  • Friendly with Family: Xoloitzcuintlis are usually very affectionate and get along well with family members, including children and other pets.
  • Interaction with Other Dogs: They are generally good with other dogs, especially when socialized from a young age.
  • Alertness: Their alert nature makes them aware of their surroundings and potential threats.

Family Compatibility:

  • Good with Children: Xoloitzcuintlis are known for their patience and can be great with children, making them ideal family pets.
  • Family-Oriented: Thriving in family environments, they contribute positively to the family dynamic.

Coat Variations:

Xoloitzcuintlis comes in two coat varieties: hairless and coated. Hairless Xolos have smooth, sensitive skin, while painted Xolos have a short, dense coat that can come in various colors.

male and female xoloitzcuintli dogs breed

Males vs. Females: What to Consider

When contemplating the adoption of a Xoloitzcuintli, a unique and ancient breed known for its distinctive appearance and loyal nature, as your next canine companion, it’s essential to understand the differences between males and females within this breed. Xoloitzcuintlis, often called Xolos, are known for their hairless or coated varieties and their role as devoted companions. Here’s what to consider:


  1. Size: Male Xolos come in three sizes: Toy (under 10 inches), Miniature (10-14 inches), and Standard (14-18 inches). They typically weigh between 10 to 50 pounds.
  2. Personality: These males are often characterized by their confidence, playfulness, and strong attachment to their owners. They tend to be outgoing and may exhibit a more assertive demeanor.
  3. Energy Level: Male Xolos generally have a moderate energy level. They enjoy playtime and exercise but also appreciate relaxed moments with their family.


  1. Size: Female Xolos, like males, come in Toy, Miniature, and Standard sizes with similar weight ranges.
  2. Personality: Unlike their male counterparts, female Xolos may exhibit a more balanced and affectionate temperament. They are loyal, playful, and may be more adaptable to family life.
  3. Energy Level: Generally, female Xolos have a moderate energy level. They enjoy playtime and interaction while also appreciating quieter moments.

It’s important to note that individual personalities can vary significantly within each gender of the Xoloitzcuintli, influenced by factors like upbringing, socialization, and unique experiences. Xolos are known for their exceptional, hairless or coated appearance and reputation as ancient Mexican guardians and loving family pets.

Whether you choose a male or female Xoloitzcuintli, you’ll bring home a unique and loyal companion that fits your family’s dynamics, whether that means a confident and playful friend or a more adaptable and loving family pet. 

xoloitzcuintli dog breed picture

Care and Interaction for Your Xoloitzcuintli

Taking care of your Xoloitzcuintli requires specific attention to their needs:

  • Grooming: Hairless Xolos require special care, including sunscreen and occasional baths. Coated Xolos have minimal grooming needs, including regular brushing and occasional baths.
  • Exercise: Xoloitzcuintlis are moderately active and need daily exercise to keep them physically fit and mentally stimulated. Short walks and playtime are essential.
  • Health: Regular vet check-ups, vaccinations, and proper healthcare are necessary to ensure their health and longevity.

By providing the proper care, you’ll create an environment where your Xoloitzcuintli can thrive, displaying their gentle and affectionate nature while maintaining their physical and emotional well-being. Your commitment to their care will be met with loyalty and companionship.

Historical Background of the Xoloitzcuintli

The Xoloitzcuintli has a rich history that dates back thousands of years in Mexico. It was a revered and sacred breed in ancient Mexican cultures, often associated with healing and protection. The Xoloitzcuintli was believed to be able to ward off evil spirits and bring good fortune to its owners. Today, they continue to capture hearts with their unique appearance and loving temperament, reminding us of the enduring bond between dogs and humans.


Subscribe for Newsletter

Stay always in touch! Subscribe to our newsletter.